Right-wing opposition to left-leaning Bolivian president, Evo Morales, and his governing party, Movement towards Socialism (MAS), has increased dramatically in the last week as potential conflicts that have been brewing for months have recently come to a boil.

When Bolivia’s President Evo Morales announced, on 1 May, a decree that ‘nationalised’ the oil and gas (the ‘hydrocarbons’) resources, he sent a shockwave around the world.

"The Spanish, the North Americans, the Europeans looted the tin, the silver and the natural resources. We should recognise that in 1937, under the leadership of the armed forces, petroleum was nationalised for the first time, the second nationalisation was carried out in 1969 with the intellectual Marcelo Quitoga...

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